Common symptoms that can occur in newborns

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doctor examining a baby in a hospital

    It is very disturbing to notice signs of infection or diseases that may affect your newborn, especially for new parents. But not to worry, most of these deformities and diseases can be easily addressed, and it is also possible to avoid the occurrence of these deformities and diseases if their symptoms are noticed early. In this article, we will address some of the important and common symptoms that can give birth to your newborn baby, and we will also address some of these diseases and how to treat them, and how we discover these symptoms in the new baby. We will also touch on some important questions that may inspect mothers with regard to newborn babies.

doctor examining a baby


A state of joy and euphoria is born of the parents upon the arrival of their first child, especially the mother. At the same time, you have a state of intense terror and panic when noting some severe symptoms or illnesses regarding the newborn. But there is no need for anxiety anymore. In this article, we will deal with most of the common diseases that may affect children, especially newborn children. We will deal with how to treat them and we will describe each disease separately. 


Of the newborn child: is the child who is under age up after the birth of one month. This month is considered a transitional phase between fetal life (where feeding and oxygen are transported through the umbilical cord inside its mother’s womb) and normal life (where it has to adapt to the outside world and breathing). This stage passes successfully in most of the newborns without external assistance (90%), but some of them experience less than (10%) of difficulties at birth and some of them need pulmonary and cardiac resuscitation inside the delivery room, which requires them to sleep in the intensive care unit for newborns 

What are the diseases that may affect the children of Hittite birth and describe each of them and what are the symptoms? 



Jaundice 1-

      Description of the disease  : “Physiological jaundice” is a disease of newborns, and it is an indication that the blood of newborns contains an excess amount of bilirubin, a chemical formed during the natural breakdown of old red blood cells. We all have some bilirubin in our blood, but children Newborns usually have higher levels because the newborn’s new immune system takes longer to treat excess red blood cells present at birth. 


    Symptoms : The yellow color usually appears on the face first and then on the chest, abdomen and legs. You can do a test to find out the yellow color on the skin by applying gentle pressure on your child’s nose, forehead, or thigh to see if the skin under your finger appears yellow or not. It usually develops within two to three days after birth, and usually improves without treatment over time and when your child reaches about two weeks of age. If you notice symptoms increasing after this time, you should immediately contact the doctor as soon as possible to take urgent measures to treat the child.  

    Some other symptoms of bile or jaundice for the newborn can include

1- Dark and yellow urine (which should be colorless)    

2- Pale stools (stools), which should be yellow / orange in healthy children

      Treatment : Jaundice in newborns usually improves itself within a few days (although it may get worse before it gets better). If not, the pediatrician will perform a blood test to determine the level of bilirubin in your child, if the level is Very high, it is possible to damage the nervous system of the child, and your doctor may recommend light therapy. In this treatment, newborn babies are placed under special fluorescent lights for a day or two.

Castles 2-

      Thrush is a disease of newborn babies and is called a common yeast infection. Description of the disease 


     White spots in the mouth   symptoms of thrush


     Treatment Treatment will be carried out by your pediatrician, as he or she will prescribe an antifungal medicine by mouth     

The hole in the heart 3-

    Description of the disease: Puncture in the heart is a common disease that affects newborn babies, and you do not have to worry about my lady. It is a harmless disease. By listening to the heartbeat, your pediatrician will classify the hole in the heart according to the location and timing. 

    Symptoms: The doctor will discover the hole in the heart while listening to the child’s heart    


         Treatment : The hole in the heart usually does not require any treatment, and your pediatrician may refer you to a pediatric cardiologist for some tests and checks. 


3- The cradle cap


   Description of the disease: It is one of the most common diseases in newborns, and this condition occurs due to the accumulation of oil in the skin cells, and its shape appears unattractive due to oily scales on the scalp of newborns, but it will not harm your child. 

  symptom of this disease : scaly patches of skin cells and redness on the scalp    


 Treating the disease : You can deal with the cradle cap in newborns by washing your baby’s head with a mild shampoo for children more than usual. Soft brushing can help remove scales. If this is not effective, it is best that you consult with your pediatrician. It will prescribe you a stronger shampoo or ointment. 


4- Acne

  Description of the disease: acne or pimples that appear on the face of newborns is a lost disease in children, usually it appears during the fourth or fifth week of its life, and it is not harmful, and doctors believe that acne occurs due to pregnancy hormones that stimulate the oil glands in the skin 


  Acne in newborns Acne in adults is similar to the        symptoms 


         Treatment Gently wash your child’s face with mild soap once a day, avoid washing bed sheets with hard detergents


5- Secret granuloma 

 Description of the disease: granuloma is the secret of lost diseases that can affect the newborn, which occurs at the area of ​​the navel, which was the food ring between the fetus and its mother inside the womb. The umbilical cord stem of your baby must dry out and fall within a few weeks of birth 


   Symptoms : The area surrounding the umbilical cord may be wet and slightly swollen, this area may be yellow and may bleed a little.


    Treatment : Your pediatrician can treat growth with silver nitrate to dry the tumor. If this treatment is not effective, it may be necessary to remove it with a simple procedure.


6- Umbilical hernia 

  Description : Umbilical hernia occurs through a small hole in the abdominal wall that allows the tissue to burst when there is pressure inside the abdomen 


 Your child’s umbilical cord appears to be pushing out when the baby cries. Symptoms :


  Treatment : umbilical hernia heals on its own in the first months of a child’s life, if the hernia does not heal in your child when he enters school, the pediatrician may suggest simple surgery



Blockage of the children’s tear duct

Description : This condition is harmless, and it occurs in newborn babies where the infant child suffers from purulent discharge from his eyes and this blockage may be in whole or in part. 

     Viscous mucus is formed in the corner of the eye.     Symptoms :  

         Treatment : Normally there is no treatment for tear duct obstruction in newborns, but your doctor may recommend gently massaging the inner corner of the eye to help open it. 

8- Oral thrush


 Description of the disease : Oral thrush is very common in infants and young children. It is caused by a fungal infection that may cause a white coating to appear inside your child’s mouth. They are usually harmless, and they disappear without any treatments, but if symptoms persist, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. 

 Symptoms : Although your child may not seem to have any discomfort, he or she may become reluctant to go for food or stop feeding regularly

Treatment: If you are breastfeeding your baby, it is incumbent on you to treat these symptoms to avoid this disease. You should also follow some simple steps and tips such as:  


  1- Sterilize all tools that may come into contact with your child or enter the mouth 

2- Wash hands thoroughly before breastfeeding the child 

9- Skimming

Description of the disease: It is one of the very common diseases that afflicts a newborn child, especially during the first few months after the child is brought home and occurs when a small amount of milk comes out or returns a second time up.

Symptoms : If your baby is breastfeeding and is gaining weight, he should not pose any serious problems. If skimming persists or you have any concerns, seek advice from a midwife or health visitor


Treatment: The mother must follow some important advice to avoid the occurrence of such symptoms in your newborn baby: Among the most important: 

 1- Hold your child almost straight, and you breastfeed him

  2- Always treat your baby kindly, especially when he turns up   

  3- Ask the midwife about the proper method of breastfeeding, or about the bottle   

  4- When using the feeding bottle, be sure to use a smooth nipple from which the milk flows easily and keep the position of the bottle so that its inclination ensures that there is milk all the time in the nipple until there is no milk reflux in the child   

  5- Try to give the baby breastfeeding in small quantities, but more frequently 

                                                                                6- Avoid changing diapers immediately after feeding

10- Eye inflammation

     Description of the disease : endometritis, sometimes known as a sticky eye, is an inflammation of the membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. There are many common types of oculitis, some of which can be treated as the disease goes by itself. Among the leading causes that lead to this disease in a newly born child is some bacteria or viruses that cause some of the inflammations in the eye; these types are contagious varieties. Other types of non-infectious eye infections are caused by allergies or environmental irritants, such as airborne pollutants, smoke or fumes.

     Symptoms : Your child’s eyes can become red, inflamed and have a runny water. If there is an infection, it may become irritated and itchy, and you may notice yellow discharge blocking the eyes.


     Treatment : You can calm your child’s symptoms with cold or warm compresses. In addition, gently clean the affected eye or eyes, starting from the inner corner to the outside using medical gauze or cotton shields moistened with warm water.


    To avoid non-spreading infection: be sure to use a fresh piece of medicinal cotton for each eye, and be sure to wash hands before and after treating your child’s eye

But if the child’s temperature rises, he must immediately contact the attending physician to quickly take the necessary measures.  

If the situation with your child develops into the sticky eye during the first two weeks after birth, consult a private doctor as soon as possible, as your child may have caught the infection during childbirth.


What are the cases in which you must bring a doctor? 


The doctor must be brought immediately if the child suffers from one of the following symptoms: 

 If the child suffers from fever, the child’s age does not exceed three months -1

         If the child cries so frequently that his mousses cannot be done – 2

 If the child is lukewarm, it is -3   

 If the child has seizures or convulsions -4

   If there are any signs of swelling at the top of its plump-5

   If the child suffers from any pain that he cannot bear, he will cry continuously -6

   If any of the purple spots appears on the skin of the child-7

   If the skin is glowing or pale -8  

  If the child has breathing problems -9 

   If he refuses to breastfeed – 10

   In case he has difficulty swallowing -11

12- He suffers from diarrhea or vomiting

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